darfur globe                                     

 

 

 

Sudan has been challenged in its modern History. In 1955, just as the country was gaining its independence from the United Kingdom and Egypt, a civil conflict erupted in the Southern part of the country, which was temporarily settled in 1972 before it resumed and escalated in 1983.

The conflict lasted over two decades until the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement Army (SPLM/A) signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in January 2005.

As the North-South peace deal was putting an end to Africa’s longest war, another conflict erupted in 2002-2003 opposing the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) to the GoS in Darfur. Following months of negotiation and the pressure from the International Community, Abuja peace talks led to the signing of Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA) by the GoS and a faction of the SLM/A in Abuja in May 2006.

Four years after the fighting broke out, the situation in Darfur continue to be characterized by a lack of economic and social development, and human security.

Darfur region lies at the Western part of Sudan, and consists of three states: North, South and West with a total population of 7,196,346. The region is characterized by different types of climates ranging from desert, semi desert, to poor and rich savanna.

More than 200,000 people are estimated to have died and at least two million have been displaced from their homes – almost one third of the seven million strong population of Darfur before the conflict.

In war-torn Darfur, like in many crisis situations, development base and infrastructure were destroyed (education, health and water facilities), women and young children are vulnerable to various forms of violence, and the whole region is calling for recovery programs, for survival and development.

 

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